Russia in the New Geopolitical Context (part I)
ANY MEANINGFUL ANALYSIS of the geopolitical, legal-international and ideological aspects of the new political age can be obtained solely outside the formulas offered by the political-semantic technologies of global governance. At the same time anybody bold enough to disregard the «sacred cows» of the liberals of fin de sciecle will be running a danger of being accused of violating political correctness. One should admit, however, that the demagogic deliberations about the rivalry between totalitarianism and democracy and about globalization smack too much of the overused Marxist thesis about «transfer from capitalism to communism being the main content of our age.» The world is being divided once more before our eyes. One has to admit that the process does not reflect at all the ideological struggle of the 20th century; indeed, even during the Cold War it never completely dominated international relations.
Current developments confirm that the confrontation between the communist and liberal historical projects has embraced the stereotypes born by the earlier discussions inside Christian civilization. The «Eastern question» of Nikolai Danilevskiy and the Russia and Europe dilemma have become organic elements of the «great schism» of the post-modernist era in which the ideas stemming from the same root, the Enlightenment, were competing among themselves. Both communism and liberalism, first cousins of the philosophy of progress, are branded with universalism. They both identify their aims with universal ideals. They shared the same aim even if employed different means: creating a single uniform global super-society and reducing the world to a single pattern devoid of religious or national features. This was how «ideological struggle» became an independent foreign policy phenomenon that, in the latter half of the 20th century, pushed aside considerations of continuity.
The latter became obvious as soon as Russia lost, for a certain period, its great power nature and the role of a geopolitical and spiritual counterbalance of the entire West destined to guard the worlds variety. Arnold Toynbee, the patriarch of Anglo-Saxon historical thought, spoke with a good deal of insight about the Western civilizations universalistic ambitions. He wrote that it aimed at uniting entire mankind into a single society and controlling everything on land, in the air and in the water that could be of any use for contemporary Western technologies. He added that what the West was doing to Islam he was doing at same time to all existing civilizations: Christian Orthodox, Hindu and Far Eastern world. 
Eurasia is being restructured in tune with the painfully familiar geopolitical and spiritual ideas of the Old Worlds imperial past. By joining NATO Hungary and the Czech Republic do not distance themselves from communism. While moving away from Russia, a totally alien country, they come back to the «post-Habsburg» expanse. Catholic Poland sympathizes with the Chechen bandits, which is hardly amazing. Adam Mickiewicz, an idol of all Poles, «diedway» (to borrow an expression from Alexander Herzen) somewhere in Constantinople where he went «to knock together a Polish Cossack legion» to join «civilized» Turkey against «barbarian» Russia in the Crimean War.
In fact, the Baltic-Black Sea salient (a project dating back to the 16th century) still lacks an important link — Byelorussia. It was designed to keep Russia a landlocked country. Today, like 100 years ago, Kosovo, the only land military route to Thessalonica, connects Western Europe with the Straits area. Pope John Paul II who called the Ukrainians the only descendants of St. Vladimir and who is persistently setting up Catholic dioceses in Russia is acting as an heir to Pope Urban VII who responded to the Union of Brest of 1596 with: «Oh, my Rusins! I hope to reach out to the East through you!» Finally, the triumphant Anglo-Saxons who entered Kabul and Mesopotamia as peacemakers have realized the boldest dreams of Disraeli and Palmerston. Lord Judd, a comic imitator of the latter, is setting up so-called Chechen committees at the Council of Europe to emulate his idol who set up Circassian committees at the Paris Congress of 1856.
Control over natural resources and geostrategic and naval routes leading to them is the main reason why the world is carved up and the wars are waged. Russia is being gradually pushed to the Eurasian north-east, away from the major approaches (the Mediterranean-Black Sea-Caspian region) to major natural treasures. This area is the north boundary of the World Energy Ellipse that includes the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and Iran, the Persian Gulf, northern Iran, the Russian Northern Caucasus, and Afghanistan. The world is divided in an effort to push Russia away from one of the key communication centers of the contemporary world in which resources are the key to everything.
The southern salient begins in the Mediterranean and the Straits. It is designed to link together the Anglo-Saxon positions in Turkey through the Persian Gulf and Pakistan and reach Afghanistan. For a while the latter remained outside Anglo-Saxon control while Iraq was a stumbling block. Both were destroyed. Time is running out for Iran.
We should say that the northern boundary of the energy ellipse runs lose to Ukraine, Moldova, the Northern and Southern Caucasus. This explains why the territories between the Baltic and the Black Sea are actively drawn into the Atlantic orbit, while Byelorussia, so far a missing part of the same picture, is being cruelly persecuted
- Russia in the New Geopolitical Context
- Russia in the New Geopolitical Context (part II)
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- Россия в новых геополитических реальностях
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